Chairman of the Expediency Council Ayatollah Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani has passed away at the age of 82 due to heart condition.
Ayatollah Rafsanjani was admitted to a hospital in northern Tehran on Sunday after having an acute heart attack.
Born on August 25, 1934, the influential Iranian politician and writer was the fourth president of the Islamic Republic, serving from 1989 to 1997.
Rafsanjani was the head of the Assembly of Experts from 2007 to 2011. The influential cleric was elected chairman of the Iranian parliament in 1980 and served until 1989. He assumed office as the Chairman of the Expediency Council in 1989.
Source : PressTv
Ali Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani, Iran’s greatest political survivor who served as president for two consecutive terms, has died aged 82.
Rafsanjani, who was considered the country’s second most powerful political figure for much of the Islamic Republic’s history, died in hospital in north Tehran on Sunday, according to the local news agencies.
Rafsanjani, a founding member of Iran’s 1979 Islamic Revolution, was a close confidant of the current supreme leader, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei for much of the 1980s and 1990s, but his political allegiances recently shifted towards reformists, especially after a rift grew between him and Khamenei over the 2009 disputed presidential elections.
His death will deal a blow to moderates, particularly the current president, Hassan Rouhani, of whom he was a major backer. Rafsanjani voiced moderate support for Iran’s Green movement in 2009 while Khamenei stood firm by the then president Mahmoud Ahmadinejad and denied any allegations of vote rigging.
The rift between Khamenei and Rafsanjani meant the latter was sidelined in recent years, but until his death he was the head of Iran’s expediency council, an influential body that mediates between the parliament and the guardian council.
He was also a senior member of Iran’s assembly of experts, which is tasked with appointing the country’s next supreme leader. In 2013, his bid for presidency was blocked. Two of his children have been jailed in recent years.
In June, Rafsanjani had revealed in a newspaper interview that two people had been shortlisted by the assembly to become candidates to succeed Khamenei but there has been no official confirmation about the candidates.
Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani (Persian: اکبر هاشمی رفسنجانی, translit. Akbar Hāshemī Rafsanjānī pronunciation (help·info)) or Hashemi Bahramani (هاشمی بهرمانی, 25 August 1934 Rafsanjan, Persia – 8 January 2017 Tehran, Iran) was an influential Iranian politician and writer, who was the fourth president of Iran. He was the head of the Assembly of Experts from 2007 until 2011 when he decided not to nominate himself for the post. He was also the chairman of the Expediency Discernment Council of Iran.
During the Iran–Iraq War Rafsanjani was the de facto commander-in-chief of the Iranian military. Rafsanjani was elected chairman of the Iranian parliament in 1980 and served until 1989. Rafsanjani also served as president of Iran from 1989 to 1997. He played an important role in the choice of Ali Khamenei as Supreme Leader. In 2005 he ran for a third term in office, placing first in the first round of elections but ultimately losing to rival Mahmoud Ahmadinejad in the run-off round of the 2005 election.
Rafsanjani has been described as having been a pragmatic conservative. The Economist called him as a "veteran kingmaker." He supported a free market position domestically, favoring privatization of state-owned industries, and a moderate position internationally, seeking to avoid conflict with the United States and the West.
In 1997 during the Mykonos trial in Germany, it was declared that Rafsanjani (then President of Iran), along with Supreme Leader Khameini, Foreign Minister Velayati, and Intelligence Minister Fallahian, was complicit in assassinations of Iranian dissident opposition activists in Europe. He was considered to be the richest person in Iran.
On 11 May 2013, Rafsanjani entered the race for the June 2013 presidential election, but on 21 May he was disqualified by the Guardian Council.
Rafsanjani passed away following a heart attack on 8 January 2017 in Tehran at the age of 82.
Source : Wiki Pedia